Tag Archives: Wheel of the Year

Litha, Summer Solstice and the Night of Sânziene

The 2020 Summer Solstice takes place on June 20 at 21:44 UTC
(June 21st at 12:43 AM EET)

Litha is one of the eight Festivals included in the Wheel of the Year and one of the four Sun Festivals. The Sun festivals are called as such because they are related to the Sun’s position around the Earth. For this reason, their date varies slightly each year. Amongst the four Sun Sabbats, there are two Equinoxes (Mabon and Ostara) and two Solstices (Yule and Litha).
During the two Equinoxes, the day and the night are of equal length: nature is in a perfect equilibrium. Thus, during those Sabbats, all magick should be aimed in reaching balance in your life. In contrast, the two Solstices are moments of extreme imbalance between dark and light, where one triumphs over the other. Indeed, the Winter solstice (Yule) marks the longest night of the year, while the Summer Solstice (Litha) celebrates the longest day of the year. Those two Sabbats are times of transformation, appropriate for protection and purification spells.

The Wheel of the Year represents the metaphorical mythology surrounding the God and the Goddess. This sacred couple is responsible for all creation in Nature, and each has a decisive role to play in the cycles of life during the course of the year. The God is depicted as the forceful Sun, and the Goddess as the nurturing Earth – Mother Gaia.

During this period, the Sun reaches its highest point in the sky. The God is now in his full power and at the height of His virility, and the Goddess of the Earth is now fully pregnant with a Child and she is bringing forth the greatest abundance of the year. The crops are reaching their full maturity and the forests are bursting with lush growth. The Earth is awash with fertility and fulfillment and this is a time of joy and celebration of expansiveness and achievements. In just a few short weeks, the harvest season will begin, but for now we pause to celebrate the manifestation of what was planted in the early weeks of Spring.

Midsummer or the Summer Solstice is the most powerful day of the year for the Sun God. Because this Sabbat glorifies the Sun God and the Sun, fire plays a very prominent role in this festival. The element of Fire is the most easily seen and immediately felt element of transformation.

This is also the traditional time for gathering wild herbs for medicine and magic, as most are fully grown by Midsummer and the power of this particular day will add to their benefits. For this reason, Litha is known as Gathering Day in Wales.

To celebrate this Sabbat, you can decorate your altar with summer flowers, herbs and fruits, and summer colors like green, blue and yellow. This is a traditional time for rites of dedication to the God and Goddess, as well as divination related to love and romance. Since this Sabbat revolves around the Sun, keep at least one candle lit throughout the day to honor the Sun, and if possible hold your Litha rituals at noon, when the Sun is at its highest point in the sky. Have an outdoor picnic feast to bask in the warmth of the day, and eat fresh fruits and vegetables. Midsummer is a good time for magic related to masculine energies, issues dealing with solar influences and any situation that needs to be “fired up” in your life.

Traditionally people stayed up all night on Midsummer’s Eve to welcome and watch the sunrise. Bonfires were lit on tops of hills, by holy wells, at places held sacred, to honor the fullness of the Sun. At Litha the bonfire really represents a reflection of the Sun at the peak of its strength. The chosen wood would often be Oak and aromatic herbs were scattered into the fire. People danced around the fires and leap through them. Blazing herbs from the sacred bonfire were used to bless the animals. Blazing torches were carried sunwise around homes and fields. Coals from the Midsummer fire were scattered on fields to ensure a good harvest.

Love has always been a major focus of the Summer Solstice, with the month itself named after Juno, the Roman Goddess of love and marriage. All types of love are celebrated now, including weddings, love between parents and children, love in friendship and self love.

Faeries and the faerie domain are a common theme around Midsummer, as this is supposed to be the time when the veil between our worlds is very thin. Communicating with the faerie domain, and doing magick with faeries is especially potent now.

The more present and connected we become with the rhythm of nature and the spirit of the seasons, the easier it becomes to intuitively celebrate!

Litha: Midsummer, Summer Solstice, Gathering Day, the Day of Sânziene (also known as Drăgaica – celebrated in Romania)
Themes: abundance, growth, masculine energy, love, magic
Flowers: roses, sunflowers, chamomile, daisies, marigolds, mugwort, vervain, rosemary, lavender
Incense: Sage, mint, basil, lavender, Saint John’s Wort, sunflower, mistletoe (specifically the berries which represent semen), oak, rowan, and fir
Crystals: Tiger’s Eye, Sunstone, Citrine, Jade, Aquamarine
Decorations: Dried herbs, potpourri, seashells, summer flowers, and fruits
Colors: blue, green, and yellow

The Night of Sânziene (Drăgaica) – Midsummer celebration in Romania
23rd-24th June

People in Romania celebrate Sânzienele every year on June 24th, around the Summer Solstice.
Sânzienele are, in Romanian mythology, good fairies from the class of iele.
The ieles are supernatural female creatures from Romanian mythology, spread in superstitions, whose precise profile cannot be established, due to the inconsistency of folklore; however, the preferred mythological form is of virgin fairies, with great seductive force and magical powers, cumulating the attributes of Nymphs, Naiads, Dryads, and somewhat of Mermaids.
According to the most common global characteristics, they are immortal, beautiful, voluptuous and seductive, excellent dancers and chorus singers; they wear their long hair disheveled and dress in steamy silk or linen garments, usually translucent or even transparent.

The name “Sânziana” comes from the Roman Goddess Diana, the patroness and the great Goddess of the Moon, the hunt, birthing and the Protector of the forests and all wild, untamed life. Sânziana or Drăgaica is also called the Empress, the Mistress of the Sisters, the Queen of Holders, the Bride, depending on the geographical area of the country.

Diana Sancta from Sarmizegetusa became Sânziana, a central figure of Romanian folklore. Religious and linguistic continuity was ensured mainly due to the fact that the transformation process took place in a popular environment, rustic and wild.” – Mircea Eliade

Among the people, it was believed that the night before Sânziene is a magical one in which all miracles are possible. Also on this night both the forces of good and those of evil reach their peak. According to popular belief, on the night of June 23rd to 24th, the skies open and Sânzienele begin to dance. This holiday celebrates the Sun, love but also the lust for life.

If we follow the legends, Sânzienele are extraordinarily beautiful beings, like fairies, who live in forests or plains. On the night of Sânziene, they catch in the choir, sing and dance. They give special uses to plants and weeds, so they can be used to treat certain diseases. Moreover, Sânzienele protect the hailstorms, bear fruit for sowing, bless brides and contribute to the multiplication of plants and animals.

The customs and traditions of Sânziene are diverse and numerous, depending on the geographical area of the country and the specific influences of the region.
As expected, the day of Sânziene has its own specific rituals, mainly focused on love spells. In some regions, especially in the countryside, it is common that the young girls to play the role of Sânziene. One of the girls is chosen to represent Drăgaica, the most powerful Sânziana. After she is dressed in white and embellished with golden wheat spikes – the symbol of Sun and Summer – she must gather all the other girls into a big circle and dance. Then, they all go collecting Lady’s bedstraw flowers and create beautiful wreaths. In some regions, the girls throw their wreath in water while chanting their wishes of love. In other parts of the country, the wreaths are thrown over the house; if the wreath stays on the roof, the girl will marry soon, if not, the girl still has to wait.

Another custom specific to the day of Sânziene is the bathing of women in running water or in the morning dew. At sunrise, the women wash in a river and then roll in the dewy grass. In this way they will stay clean and healthy, they will wash away diseases and problems. Any failure will be resolved, and those who want children have a good chance of getting pregnant.
In order to ward off evil spirits, people lit fires over which very strong-smelling herbs and plants were thrown. They would shout out loud around the fires to keep the evil spirits at bay.

May the plan of Love and Light forever prosper!

Alessandra Neagu

Yule – Winter Solstice Celebration

“The world is frozen and looking on the surface of nature everything is asleep. But deep in the earth, plants are now quietly putting out their shoots and building themselves up for the arrival of spring. This is the season of rebirth. All the dreams and ideas you had at Samhain can now be born and will grow as the Sun now begins to grow in strength on its journey towards the summer solstice. We refer to this time as “The Dark Night of our Souls”.”

Yule is one of the 8 Festivals included in the Wheel of the Year, which represents the metaphorical mythology surrounding the God and the Goddess. In most traditions, Yule is the Sabbat that begins the Wiccan Year. It is also celebrated as the Winter Solstice—the shortest day and longest night we will experience in the Northern Hemisphere.

Yule is a fire festival and represents a time of celebrating the return of the light. From this point forward, the days will gradually grow longer again, until we reach the height of the Sun’s power at the Summer Solstice. Although we will still see comparatively little of the the Sun’s light for several more weeks, this Sabbat reminds us to have patience—the waning half of the year is over, and warmth, growth, and light will reign again!

The symbolism associated with this Sabbat is very heavily concentrated on images of the light. Candles, bonfires and the appropriate named Yule log – all promise the returning of the light.

The Oak King and the Holly King, in legend, rule the year between them. The Oak King rules from midwinter to midsummer, when the light increases and the Holly King rules from midsummer to mid winter when the light decreases.

In the Wiccan belief system, the Oak King is reborn at Yule, having died at the previous Sabbat, at Samhain. The weak quality of sunlight during these still-short days is symbolized by the God in his infancy, just born and needing sustenance before he can come back into his full power. The Goddess, who has been in her Crone aspect these past few months, is now once again in her Mother aspect, having just given birth to the God. She represents the Earth, remaining still and silent for awhile yet as she rests from her labor.

This is a celebration of the renewal of life, but compared to other Sabbats it is a relatively quiet, indoor holiday, as people gather within the warm shelters of their homes to be merry and give thanks. As a Yule ritual, many Wiccans decorate their altars with evergreen branches, such as cedar, pine, hemlock and spruce, as well as bright sprigs of holly, pinecones, and other festive winter flora.

The traditional Holly Wreath has been used for over 4000 years to represent the Wheel of the Year and a new beginning in the ever-turning circle of life, and, being holly, it was also a symbol of protection for the home, just as a holly tree in the garden is.

Candles are paramount to this Sabbat, of course, with Yule traditions emphasizing the colors red, green, white, and gold. Images of the Sun are also appropriate.

The Celtic and Norse people used a Yule Tree to represent the continual circle of life, the return of the Sun and to represent their wishes for the forthcoming year. The tree would be decorated with amulets and talismans, made to ensure a happy time ahead. The tree would be brought inside and decorated with fruit for a successful harvest, nuts for fertility, coins for wealth, love charms for happiness and candles to light the way for the returning Sun.

Decorate your Home & tree with symbols of fertility, health, wealth and prosperity – nuts, fruit, suns (male), stars (pentagram) and moons (female), elemental symbols such as icicles, snowflakes, and protective herbs and spices such as cinnamon sticks – even chocolate represents the luxuries of life – just use your imagination.

Mistletoe, if it could be obtained, would be hung to ensure another prosperous year. Kissing under the Mistletoe is as old as the Celtic/Druid way of life. Sacred to the Druids, their legal agreements and hand-fasting ceremonies (marriage) all took place “under the mistletoe”, as the agreement was then truly sealed.

Herbs: Chamomile, rosemary, ginger, sage and cinnamon
Incense: Bayberry, pine, spruce, spice, cedar, cinnamon
Stones: Quartz crystal, blue sunstone, emerald, ruby, sapphire
Oils: Carnation, cedar, spruce, pine, rose, cinnamon, bayberry

If you feel guided, join our Yule God-dess Circle for this sacred celebration.

May the plan of Love and Light forever prosper!

Alessandra Neagu

Mabon: Season of the Witch

September 21st marks the 2019 Autumn Equinox, which it’s also the date that witches celebrate Mabon, one of the Wiccan harvest festivals in the Wheel of the Year.

The Sabbat is named for the Mabon, the Welsh God, who symbolized the male fertilizing principle in the Welsh myths. Mabon is a Fire Festival and one of the Lesser Sabbats.

All Sabbats are occasions to express gratitude to the God and Goddess for the blessings in our lives, but Mabon is particularly so, coming at the height of the harvest season.
We give thanks for the abundance in our lives, as the sun is about to enter Libra, the cardinal air sign of balance.
Mabon celebrates the balance of opposing forces, light/dark, life/death, etc. with the understanding that after this moment of balance, darkness and death will reign for a time, until Ostara or the Spring Equinox.

Mabon is the Witch’s Great Feast of Thanksgiving, a celebration of the Earth’s bounty and it represents a time of plenty of gratitude and of sharing our abundance with those less fortunate. It’s a time when Wiccans gather in their symbolic (and sometimes literal) harvest, give thanks to the Gods for help, to the ancestors and living helpers.
For this reason the full moon closest to Mabon is known as the “Harvest Moon” or “Wine Moon”.
As Autumn is welcomed on this Sabbat, day and night are of equal lengths; Nature is in balance. It is time to appreciate the light and the dark aspects of life, and to appreciate the sacrifice of our God through the harvesting of the crops. It is through His sacrifice that we may live through the Dark half of the Wheel. Our God now awaits rebirth within the womb of our Goddess.

The God is now aged, his power on the wane. He will die at Samhain and sacrifice himself to the Earth before rebirth at Yule. The Goddess is croning, she too is aged, but resplendent in the prime of her power and wisdom. The earth in the hands of the Goddess will enjoy one last flash of colour, beauty and abundance before settling to sleep as the waiting period for Yule begins.

As we enter the season of autumn, we have the opportunity to take a long and fruitful journey with the Goddess Persephone.
At Mabon, we celebrate Persephone as the Dark Queen of the Underworld, Goddess of the soul who possesses it’s dark and frightening mysteries. As maiden, she brings forth new life when the Earth begins to waken from a long winter’s sleep. As Dark Queen, Persephone rules the Underworld, and with her sickle, is prepared to reap what has been sown.

Goddess Persephone

It is time to complete projects, to clear out and let go that which is no longer wanted or needed as we prepare for descent, so that the winter can offer a time for reflection and peace. And it is time to plant seeds of new ideas and hopes which will lie dormant but nourished in the dark, until the return of Spring.


To celebrate this Sabbat, you can prepare your altar and decorate it with flowers, herbs and fresh harvested fruits, crystals, candles in gold-orange-red autumn colors, divination objects, Gods and Godesses’s statues and anything that you feel guided to add.

Cleanse yourself (your group) and your space with white sage and burn some myrrh/frankincense, or any incense of your choice.
Invite your Spiritual Guides, Ascended Masters, Angelic Realm, Gods and Goddesses to be with you during this gathering. Be open to receive their blessings.

The ritual may include prayers, invocations, spells, meditations and exercises for gratitude, de-manifestation, manifestation, balance, prosperity, harmony and protection.

This is the time of the Dark Mother, the Crone aspect of the triple Goddess.
Honor the Dark Mother at Mabon, the Goddess associated with darkness and shadows.

This ritual welcomes the archetype of the Dark Mother and celebrates that aspect of the Goddess which we may not always find comforting or appealing, but which we must always be willing to acknowledge.
With this ocassion, the Dark Goddesses are called upon in rituals to help us heal from trauma, fear, grief, or any lower energies.

The Crone – Dark Goddess/Mother

Be creative and let Nature flow gently through you and guide you and your group during all celebration. ­­

If you feel guided, join our Mabon God-dess Circle for this sacred celebration:

You may include this beautiful Prayer to the triple Goddess :

Maiden, Mother, Crone

Maiden, Goddess, brilliant one, fair as the last frost,
lace-etched on the earth, gone with the morning sun.
All is new, all is bright, all is green grass and dew,
dancing feet in the white seafoam, wet sand clinging,
tangled hair crowned with ribbons and wild flowers,
wide-open eyes taking in the wild new world.
With each uncertain step we take into the now,
we know you;
with each leap of faith, each fool’s journey,
each promise of life not yet fulfilled,
we know you.
Facing the broad future with a smile and a sigh,
with trust in the world, with the dauntlessness of youth.
Maiden, Goddess, I call to you, I ask your favor!

Mother, Goddess, radiant one, giver of life,
granter of gifts simple and profound, primal and raw.
Firm-footed, kind-hearted one, blossom in full bloom,
wind-blown fields of gold and heavy-fruited trees,
a warm rain falling on the soft earth, green and lush,
the flourishing of life and wit and vision.
Rooted in the deep earth, in bones and blood we feel
your might, we know you in the tides that turn the world,
the hand on the cradle, the feast of first harvest,
the kicking child within the womb,
the hot sun on our heads,
the warm breeze tousling our children’s hair.
Mother, Goddess, I call to you, I ask your favor!

Elder, goddess, shining one, wise in all things.
The copper mums, the last bright leaves on the trees,
the first frost sinking into the soil,
the first snow clinging to the evergreen, its branches hanging low,
the thin ice breaking under your step, the long nights,
the knife-sharp wind, the darkening days, the earth at rest.
Whether in peace or in rage, an end comes to all things–
in both lie a wisdom, in both lie a rightness.
We know you when our every breath comes out in clouds,
we know your guiding hand, the refuge of your arms,
we know your might in the full course of our lives.
Elder, Goddess, I call to you, I ask your favor!

May the plan of Love and Light forever prosper!

Alessandra Neagu

Lammas / Lughnassadh Celebration

Rituals Wheel of the Year

On 31 July at sunset, the party to celebrate the harvest begins.

One of the ways we can deepen our connection with the Earth is to become in tune with her seasons and cycles, honoring and appreciating her throughout the seasons.

The more present and connected we become with the rhythm of nature and the spirit of the seasons, the easier it becomes to intuitively celebrate!

Lammas is one of the 8 Festivals included in the Wheel of the Year, which represents the metaphorical mythology surrounding the God and the Goddess. This sacred couple is responsible for all creation in Nature, and each has a decisive role to play in the cycles of life during the course of the year. The God is depicted as the forceful Sun, and the Goddess as the nurturing Earth – Mother Gaia. It is now high summer and the Union of Sun and Earth, of God and Goddess, has produced the First Harvest.

Lammas is one of the four Greater Sabbats, making it one of the most important days on the Wiccan Wheel of the Year. It is the cross-quarter day between the Summer Solstice and the Autumn Equinox, and it marks the beginning of the harvest season.
Lammas is a Fire Festival, the celebration of the first Grain Harvest, a time for gathering in, bow down in gratitude for the beautiful gifts that we have received and give to others with open hearts.
It is a time of plentiful abundance and revelling in nature’s bounty. As such, this particular sabbat is associated with feasting and crafting.
There is an emphasis on using what the earth has given us to celebrate.

Wheel of the Year

In our own tradition, Lammas is the time of year when the White Goddess, who is the Queen of the Fey and Lady of Sovereignty, is at her shining peak. The Goddess is in Her aspect as Grain Mother, Harvest Queen/Mother, Earth Mother, Ceres and Demeter.
Demeter represents the ripe corn of this year’s harvest and Her daughter, Persephone, represents the grain – the seed which drops back deep into the dark earth, hidden throughout the winter, and reappears in the spring as new growth.
This is the deep core meaning of Lammas and comes in different guises. The fullness and fulfillment of the present harvest already holds at its very heart the seed of all future harvest.
The Spiral Castle is open to the south gate, and the Earth sends forth its bounty in abundance. It is is a time of celebration, for it is the last hurrah before the wheel turns to the dark of the year.

Goddess Demeter

It is also know as Lughnassadh, the great festival of Lugh – the great Celtic Sun King and God of Light. August is His sacred month when He initiated great festivities in honour of His mother, Tailtiu. Feasting, circle dancing, reflecting the movement of the sun in sympathetic magic and bonfire celebrations were the order of the day.

RITUAL on the sacred day of the Dark Moon & Lammas

As this year we celebrate Lammas in the same day with the Dark Moon – Deipnon – on August 1st, it is a blessed opportunity to make a ritual of introspection, healing, retreat and focus on what we want to remove from our lives, so we can first make space for what we want to attract and manifest.
The purpose of the dark phase of any cycle is that of transition between the death of the old and the birth of the new.

Moon phases

To celebrate this Sabbat, you can prepare you altar and decorate it with summer flowers, herbs, fruits and grains, crystals, candles in golden-orange-red summer colors.

Cleanse your space with white sage and burn some myrrh incense, or any incense of your choice. Invite your Spiritual Guides, Ascended Masters, Angelic Realm, Gods and Goddesses to be with you during this gathering. Be open to receive their blessings.

In this practice, yo can prepare a sacred space and you can write a list with everything that no loger serves you and offer it to the fire of the Goddess. This is such a powerful exercise of cleaning and rejuvenating.

Fire Goddess

In the second part of the ritual you can invite the Dark Goddesses and Fire Goddesses to help you clean your womb with their sacred fires before you start the process of planting the seeds of what you want to manifest (in acordance with the Divine Will of God and only if it is for your higher purpose).
Allow the fire of transformation to burn anything that no longer serves you and connect your womb to the Great Womb of Creation. Then you can visualize one by one, the golden seeds, set the intention for each of them and visualize it as already manifested.
Ask for each seed to be blessed by God, Mother Gaia and the Goddesses and then plant it in the fertile soil of your womb.
At the end, bow down in gratitude and accept this as done.

What is your favorite practice for Lammas?

We can inspire each other by sharing our Sacred Wisdom.

Feel free to connect with your intuition and design your own ritual using to Power of Nature and the Moon.

May the plan of Love and Light forever prosper!

Alessandra Neagu